Female Enterprise Behind the Discursive Veil in Nineteenth Century Northern France
This volume explores the role of women in business in nineteenth-century Northern French textile centers. Lille and the surrounding towns were then dominated by big and small family businesses, and many were run by women. Those women did not withdraw into the parlour as the century progressed and the ‘separate ideology’ spread. Neither did they become mere figure heads - most were business persons in their own rights. Yet, they have left almost no traces in the collective memory, and historians assume they ceased to exist. This book therefore seeks to answer three interrelated questions: How common were those women, and what kind of business did they run? What factors facilitated or impeded their activities? And finally, why have they been forgotten, and why has their representations in regional and academic history been so at odd with reality? Indirectly, this study also sheds light on the process of industrialization in this region, and on industrialists’ strategies.
Travail et entreprises en Europe du Nord Ouest XVIIIe XXe si cle
Les entreprises les plus efficaces et performantes sont-elles en même temps les plus sociales ? Cette question stimulante trouve un éclairage nouveau en sillonnant ce grand espace doté d'une longue tradition industrielle que constitue l'Europe du Nord-Ouest au cours des trois derniers siècles. S'inscrivant dans une approche transnationale et régionale, cet ouvrage grâce à la grande diversité de ses contributions, souvent neuves et originales, met en perspective et analyse une dimension souvent méconnue dans la réussite entrepreneuriale, le rôle du social et du monde du travail. Sur la base d'exemples significatifs mettant en exergue l'importance de la réalité historique régionale, les différentes études rassemblées placent cette dimension sociale à la rencontre de trois éléments majeurs: l'évolution de la population active et de ses typologies de qualification ; la gestion des ressources humaines, généralement opérée par une palette de dispositions gravitant autour de la rémunération (primes de rendement, avantages en nature, hérédité de l'embauche, etc.) ; les relations professionnelles conflictuelles ou consensuelles entre employeurs et salariés. En proposant des éclairages nouveaux, cette contribution collective ouvre des perspectives d'analyse et de réflexion prometteuses pour l'avenir.
Bibliographie annuelle de l histoire de France du cinqui me si cle 1958
A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Bibliographie annuelle de l histoire de France du cinqui me si cle 1958 Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
Francia Band 41
Der Band enthält 25 Beiträge in deutscher, französischer und englischer Sprache. Die Themenvielfalt reicht von den Fürstenspiegeln des frühen Mittelalters und der Rolle Aachens in karolingischer Zeit über die Haltung der Niederlande und der Schweiz gegenüber dem französischen Absolutismus, die Königsnekropole Saint-Denis nach der Revolution, den Mittelmeerraum und Algerien im 19./20. Jahrhundert und Lyon unter deutscher Besatzung bis zur Frage der nationalen Identität von Migranten in europäischen Städten nach 1945.
Historical fashion in detail
Avril Hart A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Historical fashion in detail Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
A Companion to the Great Western Schism 1378 1417
The division of the Church or Schism that took place between 1378 and 1417 had no precedent in Christianity. No conclave since the twelfth century had acted as had those in April and September 1378, electing two concurrent popes. This crisis was neither an issue of the authority claimed by the pope and the Holy Roman Emperor nor an issue of authority and liturgy. The Great Western Schism was unique because it forced upon Christianity a rethinking of the traditional medieval mental frame. It raised question of personality, authority, human fallibility, ecclesiastical jurisdiction and taxation, and in the end responsibility in holding power and authority. This collection presents the broadest range of experiences, center and periphery, clerical and lay, male and female, Christian and Muslim. Theology, including exegesis of Scripture, diplomacy, French literature, reform, art, and finance all receive attention.
A New Companion to Hispanic Mysticism
The canon of Hispanic mysticism is expanding. No longer is our picture of this special brand of early modern devotional practice limited to a handful of venerable saints. Instead, we recognize a wide range of marginal figures as practitioners of mysticism, broadly defined. Neither do we limit the study of mysticism necessarily to the Christian religion, nor even to the realm of literature. Representations of mysticism are also found in the visual, plastic and musical arts. The terminology and theoretical framework of mysticism permeate early modern Hispanic cultures. Paradoxically, by taking a more inclusive approach to studying mysticism in its marginal manifestations, we draw mysticism---in all its complex iterations---back toward its rightful place at the center of early modern spiritual experience. Contributors: Colin Thompson, Alastair Hamilton, Christina Lee, Clara Herrera, Darcy Donahue, Elena del Rio Parra, Evelyn Toft, Fernando Duran Lopez, Piancisco Morales, Freddy Dominguez, Glyn Redworth, Jane Ackerman, Jessica Boon, Jose Adriano de Freitas Carvalho, Luce Lopez-Barat, Maria Mercedes Carrion, Maryrica Lottman, and Tess Knighton.
The Middle Ages saw a flourishing of mysticism that was astonishing for its richness and distinctiveness. The medieval period was unlike any other period of Christianity in producing people who frequently claimed visions of Christ and Mary, uttered prophecies, gave voice to ecstatic experiences, recited poems and songs said to emanate directly from God and changed their ways of life as a result of these special revelations. Many recipients of these supposed divine gifts were women. Yet the female contribution to western Europe's intellectual and religious development is still not well understood. Popular or lay religion has been overshadowed by academic theology - the theology of universities and cathedral schools, resting on the method of disputation or biblical commentary - which was predominantly the theology of men. This timely book rectifies that neglect by examining a number of women whose lives exemplify traditions which were central to medieval theology but whose contributions have tended to be dismissed as 'merely spiritual' by today's scholars._x000D_ _x000D_ In their different ways, visionaries like Richeldis de Faverches (founder of the Holy House at Walsingham, or 'England's Nazareth'), the learned Hildegard of Bingen, Hadewijch of Brabant (exemplary voice of the Beguine tradition of love mysticism), anchoress Julian of Norwich, charismatic traveller and pilgrim Margery Kempe and ecstatic Carmelite reformer Theresa of Avila all challenged traditional scholastic theology. Although their writings and ideas address different audiences from those of the treatises of men, and employ different genres to do so, the interest of women mystics in theological issues is revealed to be as serious as that of their male counterparts. Furthermore, these women arguably speak with greater authority, since they claim divine edict for their writings. They write about what they have experienced directly from God._x000D_ _x000D_ Designed for the use of undergraduate student and general reader alike, this attractive survey provides an introduction to thirteen remarkable women, setting their ideas in context. In so doing, the book covers such key topics as medieval pilgrimage, penitential practice, belief in Purgatory, the courtly love tradition, mendicant orders and christological devotion. It also examines notable interactions between lay and religious culture during the period, in the fields of literature, art, architecture, music and liturgy.